Bulgaria Holidays

Situated in the heart of the Balkan Peninsula, Bulgaria boasts an old and rich history. Thracians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Slavs and Bulgarians inhabited this land in their time, leaving behind monuments and enriching the world's treasure-house of culture.

Bulgaria occupies 111 000 square km and has a population of about 8 million. Bulgaria's capital is the city of Sofia. Bulgaria is divided into two parts by the Balkan mountain, and also borders the Black sea in the east, Romania in the north, Turkey and Greece in the south, Serbia&Montenegro and Macedonia in the west.
Most of Bulgaria has a continental climate, with cold winters and hot summers. The climate in general is more severe than in other European areas of the same latitudes, and the average annual temperature range is greater than that of neighbouring countries.
The official language is Bulgarian, spoken by about 90 percent of the population. Turkish is the largest minority language.
Bulgaria's literacy rate is about 99 percent. Education is free and compulsory for children from the ages of 6 through 16, and about 85 percent of eligible students in this age group attend school. Students attend primary school for four years, basic (or middle) school for four years, and secondary school for four to five years depending on the course of study. About 30 percent of students continue their education past the secondary level.